Primary School Certificate (PSC) is being administered to the public and private school grade 1 (ISCED1) students by the Ministry of Education, Directorate of Elementary Education every year for 25 years.
The PSC is a low-partner test that provides evidence of completion of primary education.
The PSC is a written test, conducted face-to-face and provided through paper-pencil examination. All the examiners are presented with the same cognitive booklet or tests, which are integrated with the national curriculum.
The PSC serves the following objectives:
– Student’s certificate for completing elementary education
– Student selection in higher education programs or admission to specific courses or tracks
– Supporting teachers (training, relevant materials, etc.)
– School or educational accountability
– Promoting competition in school
– Sub-national level monitoring of learning outcomes
– Monitoring the standard level of education
– Planning policy reform plans
Census (all students in a given grade or age)
The results are reported at the student, school, sub-national and national levels. Data are separated by gender, geographical location (city and rural), major cities, and school types (public and private).
The results are published in reports that are available in print and online. The test results are aired on radio and television and published in the media.
The elementary school certificate contains six compulsory subjects except for the English language test which is administered in Bengali. The topics are listed below:
– Bengali language
– The English language
– Environmental science
– Environmental Social Science
Description of test items: Experimental items have multiple-choice questions with three or more response options, including short-form responses and open-ended questions that require essay composing.
Stimulus description: The test stimulus contains mixed text.
Reporting metric: Student performance is reported by percentage of points relative to the highest possible score. The highest possible score is 600 points, 100 points for each subject. Minimum requirements for meeting national standards are 33%.
My name is Sky and I’m a Technical Account Manager in Brazil. In this role, I am often asked to assist in areas where I am not an expert, in which research is involved. For example, I have a customer who planned to replace self-signed certificates of VMware center Server and VMware Vizier host with internally signed certificates. To finish this task he wanted to use the VMware Certification Authority serves as an intermediate CA. My goal for this post is to help others work through this same problem in their environment.
This blog is divided into two sections:
Part 1: Overview of VCSA (Vicente Virtual Server Appliances) and Platform Services Controller (PSC) certificates and how to configure PSC with the Intermediate VMware Certification Authority (PMC)
Part Two: Venter Server Certificates being replaced with VMCA (VMware Certification Authority)
Before entering a command or accessing a KB, I first had to understand the new architecture behind Vicente. In the previous version of venter Server, each component had its own PSC certificate:
In the new VMware architecture, there are only four credentials, each responsible for a set of components. The Platform Services Administrator is responsible for signing and storing credentials in this new architecture.
Each active certificate in PSC must be unique. A certificate is composed of the following: Common Name (CN), Organization (O), Organizational Unit (OU), Locality (L), State / Province (ST), and Country (C).
Initially, I submitted the name “web-client” for all the certificates generated for the web client service, which made my PSC crash. Based on my experience, I have learned that the name of each certificate subject must be unique!
With that in mind, I’ve used the following naming conventions:
The next step is to join PSC to the Active Directory domain In the join management/settings/ active directory, click the Join button and enter the appropriate authentication displayed in the screen below.
Be sure to restart your PSC to apply the change.
Then, prepare the Microsoft Root Certificate Server. In my lab, I used a Windows Server as a root certificate authority, so I had to use “Create Microsoft Certificate Authority template to create an SSL certificate in vSphere 2019